Frequently Asked Questions


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14. Connor WE, Prince MJ, Ullmann D, et al. The hypotriglyceridemic effect of fish oil in adult-onset diabetes without adverse glucose control. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1993;683:337-40.
15. De Caterina R, Caprioli R, Giannessi D, et al. n-3 Fatty acids reduce proteinuria in patients with chronic glomerular disease. Kidney Int 1993;44:843-50.
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17. Kremer JM. Effects of modulation of inflammatory and immune parameters in patients with rheumatic and inflammatory disease receiving dietary supplementation of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids. Lipids 1996;31(suppl):S243-7.
18. Stenson WF, Cort D, Rodgers J, et al. Dietary supplementation with fish oil in ulcerative colitis. Ann Intern Med 1992;116:609-14.
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20. Shahar E, Folsom AR, Melnick SL, et al. Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and smoking-related chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study Investigators. N Engl J Med 1994;331:228-33
21. J. Thomas Brenna, Norman Salem, Andrew J. Sinclair, Stephen C. Cunnane, for the International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids, ISSFAL. ƒ¿-Linolenic acid supplementation and conversion to n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in humans, 2009 ; Volume 80, Issue 2-3,pages 85-91
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23. Simopoulos AP. Essential fatty acids in health and chronic disease. Am J Clin Nutr 1999;70(3 Suppl):560S – 9S.
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26. van Vliet T, Katan MB. Lower ratio of n-3 to n-6 fatty acids in cultured than in wild fish. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;51:1- 2.
27. Simopoulos AP, Salem Jr N. Purslane: a terrestrial source of omega-3 fatty acids. N Engl J Med 1986;315:833.